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Harlequin Duck

Silhouette DucksDucks
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicus
  • ORDER: Anseriformes
  • FAMILY: Anatidae

Basic Description

The aptly named Harlequin Duck is one of the most spectacular species of waterfowl in North America, not only for the male’s striking plumage but for the dramatic landscapes that the duck calls home. The blue, chestnut, and white males, along with the grayish females, breed mainly along whitewater rivers and winter on rocky windswept coasts. Their lifestyle is rough on their bodies, and many Harlequin Ducks endure broken bones from a lifetime of being tossed around in the rough water.

More ID Info
image of range map for Harlequin Duck
Range map provided by Birds of the World
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Find This Bird

It’s easiest to find Harlequin Ducks in winter, when they congregate on rocky shores of the Pacific Northwest and the Northeast’s Atlantic coast. (The coast of Maine is estimated to hold more than half of the eastern population in winter, particularly on Penobscot and Jericho bays.) They seem to seek out the roughest conditions and most exposed settings: rocky shores with big waves, where they bob on the water often in strings or small flocks. Look for them fairly close to shore or resting on rocks in the sun.

Other Names

  • Pato Arlequín (Spanish)
  • Arlequin plongeur (French)
  • Cool Facts